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Sensitive Teeth - Everything You Need To Know

2016 03 17
We explore the causes, symptoms and cures for sensitive teeth.

Who typically gets sensitive teeth?

People between the ages of twenty and forty are the typical demographic to suffer from sensitive teeth, although those in younger and older categories can suffer, too.

​How do teeth become sensitive?

Pain occurs when dentine, a sensitive tissue in your teeth, is exposed. The dentine has connections to the underlying nerve at the heart of the tooth. Thin or worn enamel can cause the dentine to become exposed, and this can have a variety of causes.

What is the cause of sensitive teeth?

The underlying cause of sensitive teeth can vary a great deal. Causes can include gum disease, receding gums, teeth grinding together, cracked teeth/filings, temporary pain following teeth bleaching, dental erosion, and brushing too vigorously. Further assessment may be required to find out what is causing your teeth to feel sensitive, and handle the matter accordingly.

What can trigger it?

Consuming food and drinks which are either hot or cold is likely to trigger a reaction from sensitive teeth. The exact cause can vary depending on the underlying cause and other factors.

How can I reduce my tooth sensitivity?

There are various steps you can take, such as brushing with fluoride toothpaste, flossing regularly, and using mouthwash. These can all help to reduce your exposure to sensitivity. Avoiding acidic drinks, food such as ice cream, and other triggers could also help. You should also avoid grinding your teeth (wear a mouthguard at night if necessary), brush gently, and use a toothpaste specifically for sensitive teeth.

What should I do if I get sensitive teeth?

If symptoms persist, you should consult your dentist and get an assessment. They have a range of treatments, including applying dental varnish to build up protection, and a variety of other treatments. They can make suggestions specific to your situation, and deal with the root cause of the problem.